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2010年1月、大英博物館訪問の記録。<br /><br />展示物に関する英文の解説・正面からの画像は、大英博物館のHPから。

初めてのロンドン その15(韓国・ロシア・ドイツ・イギリス・フランス 14日間の旅 その6-15)"The British Museum"!

30いいね!

2010/01/28 - 2010/01/28

1106位(同エリア9411件中)

旅行記グループ 2010年1月 初めてのロンドン

0

104

旅熊 Kokaz

旅熊 Kokazさん

2010年1月、大英博物館訪問の記録。

展示物に関する英文の解説・正面からの画像は、大英博物館のHPから。

旅行の満足度
5.0

PR

  • たぶんこちらは裏口・・・

    たぶんこちらは裏口・・・

    大英博物館 博物館・美術館・ギャラリー

    圧倒的な展示量、ずっといても飽きません! by 旅熊 Kokazさん
  • 大英博物館 ミュージアムショップ お土産店

  • Object Type<br />statuette<br />stand<br /><br />Museum number<br />122200<br /><br />Title<br />Object: The Ram in the Thicket<br /><br />Description<br />Statuette of a goat perched against a bush looking for food; tree is of gold leaf; goat has face and legs of gold leaf; ears of copper-alloy; horns, eyes and shoulder fleece of lapis lazuli; body fleece of white shell; originally mounted on wooden core; pedestal with mosaic decoration in shell and red limestone; tube rising from shoulders indicates that it was used as a support.<br /><br />Cultures/periods<br />Early Dynastic III<br />Production date<br />2600BC<br />Production place<br />Made in: Ur (city - archaic) (?)<br />Asia: Middle East: Iraq: Iraq, South: Ur (city - archaic)<br />Excavator/field collector<br />Excavated by: Sir Leonard Woolley (1928/29)<br />Findspot<br />Excavated/Findspot: Royal Cemetery (Ur)<br />Asia: Middle East: Iraq: Iraq, South: Royal Cemetery (Ur)<br />Materials<br />gold<br />lapis lazuli<br />shell (white)<br />wood<br />silver<br />limestone (red)<br />Technique<br />inlaid<br />Dimensions<br />Height: 45.70 centimetres<br />Length: 4.50 inches (base)<br />Width: 2.50 inches (base)<br />Width: 30.48 centimetres<br />

    Object Type
    statuette
    stand

    Museum number
    122200

    Title
    Object: The Ram in the Thicket

    Description
    Statuette of a goat perched against a bush looking for food; tree is of gold leaf; goat has face and legs of gold leaf; ears of copper-alloy; horns, eyes and shoulder fleece of lapis lazuli; body fleece of white shell; originally mounted on wooden core; pedestal with mosaic decoration in shell and red limestone; tube rising from shoulders indicates that it was used as a support.

    Cultures/periods
    Early Dynastic III
    Production date
    2600BC
    Production place
    Made in: Ur (city - archaic) (?)
    Asia: Middle East: Iraq: Iraq, South: Ur (city - archaic)
    Excavator/field collector
    Excavated by: Sir Leonard Woolley (1928/29)
    Findspot
    Excavated/Findspot: Royal Cemetery (Ur)
    Asia: Middle East: Iraq: Iraq, South: Royal Cemetery (Ur)
    Materials
    gold
    lapis lazuli
    shell (white)
    wood
    silver
    limestone (red)
    Technique
    inlaid
    Dimensions
    Height: 45.70 centimetres
    Length: 4.50 inches (base)
    Width: 2.50 inches (base)
    Width: 30.48 centimetres

  • Museum number<br />2003,0718.1<br /><br />Title<br />Object: Burney relief<br />Object: Queen of the Night<br /><br />Description<br />Rectangular, fired clay relief panel; modelled in relief on the front depicting a nude female figure with tapering feathered wings and talons, standing with her legs together; shown full frontal, wearing a headdress consisting of four pairs of horns topped by a disc; wearing an elaborate necklace and bracelets on each wrist; holding her hands to the level of her shoulders with a rod and ring in each; figure supported by a pair of addorsed lions above a scale-pattern representing mountains or hilly ground, and flanked by a pair of standing owls; fired clay, heavily tempered with chaff or other organic matter; highlighted with red and black pigment and possibly white gypsum; flat back; repaired.<br /><br />Cultures/periods<br />Old Babylonian<br /><br />Production date<br />19thC BC-18thC BC<br /><br />Production place<br />Made in: Iraq, South<br />Asia: Middle East: Iraq: Iraq, South<br /><br />Findspot<br />Excavated/Findspot: Iraq, South<br />Asia: Middle East: Iraq: Iraq, South<br /><br />Materials<br />fired clay<br />Technique<br />hand-modelled<br />pigmented<br />Dimensions<br />Height: 49.50 centimetres<br />Thickness: 4.80 centimetres<br />Width: 37 centimetres<br /><br />Curator&#39;s comments<br />Scientific analysis of the pigments reveals extensive use of red ochre on the body of the main female figure. It is probable that gypsum was used as a white pigment in some areas although the possibility that it is present as the result of efflorescence from salts contained in ground water cannot be firmly excluded. The dark areas on the background all contained carbon rather than bitumen as previously assumed.<br /><br />The shape and basic composition of a large central figure flanked by a pair of small figures is reminiscent of a gypsum plaque attributed an early 2nd millennium date and found at Assur in 1910 (cf. E. Klengel-Brandt, q.v. &#39;Kultrelief&#39;, pp. 150-51, cat. no. 92 in L. Jakob-Rost et al., &#39;Das Vorderasiatische Museum&#39;, Berlin 1992 = inv. nr. VA Ass 1358). Other evidence for early 2nd mill. painted clay sculptures from Mesopotamia include a head in the National Museum in Copenhagen.<br /><br />A similar motif occurs on terracotta plaques (1994-10-1,1), for which a mould also survives (1910-11-12,4 = 103226). This motif, curiously, also recurs on reproduction Roman terracotta lamps sold in western Turkey (of which there is one example in the registered ANE Ephemera collection) as well as in popular modern western cults. The term &quot;Queen of the Night&quot; has also been previously applied to a character in Mozart&#39;s &quot;Magic Flute&quot; [&quot;Die Zauberflote&quot;], for which David Hockney did Egyptianising sets for in the 1978 Glyndebourne production; features in a song by Whitney Houston, and is the name of at least one species of night-blooming orchid cactus, the Epiphyllum oxypetallum.<br /><br />Mr Sakamoto added a Japanese inscription and the date 1975 onto the bottom edge of the object when it was in his personal possession.<br /><br />Web and newsppaper articles relating to this object after its acquisition by the British Museum include:<br />http://www.drsnet.org/radley/2004/03/queen_of_the_ni.html;<br />The Guardian, 9 March 2004 (Maeve Kennedy);<br />The Scotsman, 20 March 2004, entitled &quot;Queen of the Night comes into the light&quot; (Susan Mansfield);<br />The Independent Magazine, editorial on p. 5 by Christopher Hirst, entitled &quot;A close encounter with a Babylonian babe&quot;, 20 March 2004; &quot;The Museum recently snapped up this deific wild child - her downward pointing wings indicate underworld associations - for £1.5m. It is money well spent.&quot;<br />&quot;No less worthy of attention is The British Museum&#39;s Queen of the Night. she has a cool contemporary look to her, not unlike the latest Britney Spears video. She has already cast her spell in Glasgow and Sunderland, and is shortly off to make merry hell in Leicester&quot;, Peter Aspden, &#39;Financial Times Magazine&#39;, 24.4.04.<br />

    Museum number
    2003,0718.1

    Title
    Object: Burney relief
    Object: Queen of the Night

    Description
    Rectangular, fired clay relief panel; modelled in relief on the front depicting a nude female figure with tapering feathered wings and talons, standing with her legs together; shown full frontal, wearing a headdress consisting of four pairs of horns topped by a disc; wearing an elaborate necklace and bracelets on each wrist; holding her hands to the level of her shoulders with a rod and ring in each; figure supported by a pair of addorsed lions above a scale-pattern representing mountains or hilly ground, and flanked by a pair of standing owls; fired clay, heavily tempered with chaff or other organic matter; highlighted with red and black pigment and possibly white gypsum; flat back; repaired.

    Cultures/periods
    Old Babylonian

    Production date
    19thC BC-18thC BC

    Production place
    Made in: Iraq, South
    Asia: Middle East: Iraq: Iraq, South

    Findspot
    Excavated/Findspot: Iraq, South
    Asia: Middle East: Iraq: Iraq, South

    Materials
    fired clay
    Technique
    hand-modelled
    pigmented
    Dimensions
    Height: 49.50 centimetres
    Thickness: 4.80 centimetres
    Width: 37 centimetres

    Curator's comments
    Scientific analysis of the pigments reveals extensive use of red ochre on the body of the main female figure. It is probable that gypsum was used as a white pigment in some areas although the possibility that it is present as the result of efflorescence from salts contained in ground water cannot be firmly excluded. The dark areas on the background all contained carbon rather than bitumen as previously assumed.

    The shape and basic composition of a large central figure flanked by a pair of small figures is reminiscent of a gypsum plaque attributed an early 2nd millennium date and found at Assur in 1910 (cf. E. Klengel-Brandt, q.v. 'Kultrelief', pp. 150-51, cat. no. 92 in L. Jakob-Rost et al., 'Das Vorderasiatische Museum', Berlin 1992 = inv. nr. VA Ass 1358). Other evidence for early 2nd mill. painted clay sculptures from Mesopotamia include a head in the National Museum in Copenhagen.

    A similar motif occurs on terracotta plaques (1994-10-1,1), for which a mould also survives (1910-11-12,4 = 103226). This motif, curiously, also recurs on reproduction Roman terracotta lamps sold in western Turkey (of which there is one example in the registered ANE Ephemera collection) as well as in popular modern western cults. The term "Queen of the Night" has also been previously applied to a character in Mozart's "Magic Flute" ["Die Zauberflote"], for which David Hockney did Egyptianising sets for in the 1978 Glyndebourne production; features in a song by Whitney Houston, and is the name of at least one species of night-blooming orchid cactus, the Epiphyllum oxypetallum.

    Mr Sakamoto added a Japanese inscription and the date 1975 onto the bottom edge of the object when it was in his personal possession.

    Web and newsppaper articles relating to this object after its acquisition by the British Museum include:
    http://www.drsnet.org/radley/2004/03/queen_of_the_ni.html;
    The Guardian, 9 March 2004 (Maeve Kennedy);
    The Scotsman, 20 March 2004, entitled "Queen of the Night comes into the light" (Susan Mansfield);
    The Independent Magazine, editorial on p. 5 by Christopher Hirst, entitled "A close encounter with a Babylonian babe", 20 March 2004; "The Museum recently snapped up this deific wild child - her downward pointing wings indicate underworld associations - for £1.5m. It is money well spent."
    "No less worthy of attention is The British Museum's Queen of the Night. she has a cool contemporary look to her, not unlike the latest Britney Spears video. She has already cast her spell in Glasgow and Sunderland, and is shortly off to make merry hell in Leicester", Peter Aspden, 'Financial Times Magazine', 24.4.04.

  • Museum number<br />121198<br /><br />Description<br />Harp-lyre as reconstructed by Sir Leonard Woolley in the 1920s including the depiction of an eagle, gazelle, leopard, lion. Deconstructed in 1971-1972 and separated into two musical instruments, 121198a and 121198b.<br /><br />Cultures/periods<br />Early Dynastic III<br /><br />Production date<br />2600BC<br /><br />Excavator/field collector<br />Excavated by: Sir Leonard Woolley<br /><br />Findspot<br />Excavated/Findspot: Royal Cemetery (Ur)<br />Asia: Middle East: Iraq: Iraq, South: Royal Cemetery (Ur)<br /><br />Materials<br />wood<br />lapis lazuli<br />limestone (red)<br />bitumen<br />gold<br />shell<br /><br />Curator&#39;s comments<br />Original parafin wax of the field reconstruction partially melted, with the detachment of the beard, following an intense buildup of heat in the relevant gallery on 1 July 1961 (Report to Trustees, 8 July 1961). The object was consolidated, and reconstructed in 1971/72 from part of Woolley&#39;s harp-lyre 121198.<br />This Merlin record contains publication and photographic data from 1928 to 1971.

    Museum number
    121198

    Description
    Harp-lyre as reconstructed by Sir Leonard Woolley in the 1920s including the depiction of an eagle, gazelle, leopard, lion. Deconstructed in 1971-1972 and separated into two musical instruments, 121198a and 121198b.

    Cultures/periods
    Early Dynastic III

    Production date
    2600BC

    Excavator/field collector
    Excavated by: Sir Leonard Woolley

    Findspot
    Excavated/Findspot: Royal Cemetery (Ur)
    Asia: Middle East: Iraq: Iraq, South: Royal Cemetery (Ur)

    Materials
    wood
    lapis lazuli
    limestone (red)
    bitumen
    gold
    shell

    Curator's comments
    Original parafin wax of the field reconstruction partially melted, with the detachment of the beard, following an intense buildup of heat in the relevant gallery on 1 July 1961 (Report to Trustees, 8 July 1961). The object was consolidated, and reconstructed in 1971/72 from part of Woolley's harp-lyre 121198.
    This Merlin record contains publication and photographic data from 1928 to 1971.

30いいね!

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